How we work – Intervention

Graduating from the programme
This strategy includes criteria for determining when a family is ready to graduate. A family’s participation in the programme finishes once anticipated changes have been achieved and seem to be sustainable. Regular, participatory monitoring and evaluation allows close tracking of results.

An “exit strategy” includes the expectation of:

  • Positive changes in relationships
  • Positive changes in behaviour
  • Positive changes in life results
  • Evidence that positive changes can be sustained by the child and family themselves
The following indicators provide a guide as to what change “looks like”, particularly in less tangible areas such as attachment, and how it is measured:
Positive Change
Indicator



Relationships
Children and parents display positive, non-violent relationships based on appropriate roles and responsibilities between children and adults.
Children are protected by parents from abuse by others outside the direct home (e.g. wider family members). If a parent (usually the mother) leaves an abusive partner, they will not then enter another violent relationship.
Children and parents display healthy self-esteem (which can be measured in children using the Goodman’s Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire 16) and believe they are worthy of affection and respect.
Children are able to manage their own emotions, control impulses and resolve problems.
Children and parents have a sense of hope and personal agency, and the ability to plan for the future.
Children and parents have the capacity to create and maintain, new positive relationships appropriate to a social context.
Family members are able to communicate with and express their emotions to each other.

Behaviour
Children and parents are no longer involved in destructive behaviour such as street involvement, gangs, crime, drugs, risky sexual activity, dangerous forms of child labour etc.
Parents no longer use violence as a means of discipline, communication or conflict resolution, either between themselves or with children.
Parents can identify risky situations and take appropriate strategies to protect their children.

Life Results
Children have sustained access to positive life opportunities such as education, vocational training and safe forms of employment/income generation (where age appropriate).
Parents have access to training opportunities and safe forms of employment/income generation.
Children and parents have improved physical health and adopt positive hygiene and nutrition habits.
Children and parents have their legal registration documents, to facilitate access to services.
Children access suitable social activities for their age, needs and abilities.

Sustainability
The family has the ability to manage challenges and stresses, effectively (These are inevitable given the economic and community situation in which most will be living).
The family is able to seek out and accept external support.
The family is integrated into their own community, in terms of accessing community services (medical, legal, educational, welfare etc, if they exist) and informal community support networks.
Family members display the capacity to plan for the future, with a sense of purpose, order and vision as a family unit.